The VII National Council of the PRD, to be held Friday and Saturday in Morelia, Michoacan, will be closed, the Secretary of advance communication, diffusion and Propaganda of the Party. “The media access will be exclusively at the opening of the National Council, as after that the session will be closed”, specifically in the letter sent to the press accreditation for the event. The broadcaster of the Democratic Revolution Party (PRD) said that during the ceremony, in a press conference informing the representatives of the media on the details of the meeting. On 19 September 1945 the opposition crowds do antiperonista March of the Constitution and Freedom
On June 4, 1943 was a military coup that overthrew President Ram n Castillo by launching what is known as the Revolution 43. Although initially the majority of political parties (except the Communist Party) supported to a greater or lesser extent to the new military government gradually began to form a broad opposition, which stresses the student movement.
In 1945, the opposition began to organize and coordinate. The task was carried out mainly by the United States ambassador, Spruille Braden, an official opposed to trade unions and supported the policy of the big stick, driving the open intervention of the United States in Latin American countries, arguing against Nazism in the years of World War II and communism in the Cold War.
The opposition focused on the complaint of the alleged condition of the Nazi government of the Argentine military and political work that was being supported by a majority of the trade union sector, and said his main criticisms against Colonel John D. Peron, then Vice-Minister of War and Secretary of Labor of the military regime.
The first coordinated action of the opposition was given the June 16, 1945 with the famous Manifesto of Commerce and Industry in which 321 organizations, led by the Stock Exchange and the Argentine Chamber of Commerce challenged the hard labor policy. The main complaint was that the business sector was creating “a climate of suspicion, provocation and rebellion, which encourages resentment and a spirit of permanent hostility and vindication.”
The trade union movement, which dominated not even open to supporting Peron, responses in defense of labor laws and the July 12 CGT organize a massive event with the theme of ‘reaction against capitalista . 3 According to radical historian Felix Luna that was the first time that workers began to identify themselves as Peronist.
Social and political polarization continued to escalate. The antiperonismo take the banner of democracy and harshly criticized the anti-democratic attitudes of their adversaries Peronism I flag as social justice and critical of contempt for the workers of their adversaries. In line with the terms of the polarization, the student movement expressed opposition to the slogan of ‘no to the dictatorship of alpargatas ” and the trade union movement has responded to” if espadrilles, books NoA. “
In mid August, I think a Democratic Coordinating Board, chaired by Ricardo Garbellini radical and composed by Justiniano Allende Posse (Centro Argentino de Ingenieros), German Lopez (Federaci n Universitaria Argentina), Bernardo Houssay (scientist), Jose Santos Golla ( rector of the Universidad Nacional del Litoral), Alejandro Lastra, Joaquin de Anchorena (Sociedad Rural Argentina), Laureano Landaburu (NDP), Juan Jose Diaz Arana (Democratic Progressive Party), the radical anti-Jose M. Cantilo and Diogenes Taboada, socialists and Nicolas Repetto Alfredo Palacios, the radical Gabriel Oddone, Carlos E. Diaz Cisneros and Gregorio Araoz Alfaro.
On 19 September 1945, the opposition appeared together for the first time with a huge rally of over 200,000 people, the March of the Constitution and Freedom, which Congress directed the Recoleta. Fifty opposition personalities led the march, including radicals Jose P. Tamborini, Enrique Mosca, Ernesto Sammartino and Gabriel Oddone, Nicolas Repetto socialist, radical anti-Jose M. Cantilo and Diogenes Taboada, the conservative (PDN) Landaburu Laureano, the Christian Democrats and Rodolfo Martinez Manuel Ordonez, the Communist Luis Reissig, the Progressive Democrat Arana Juan Jose Diaz, the rector of the UBA Horacio Rivarola.
Historian Miguel Angel Scenna says that fact by saying that:
The march was a spectacular demonstration of the strength of opposition. A long, compact mass of 200,000 people, something rarely if ever seen, covered sidewalks and driveways.
It has been said that the demonstration was mostly composed of people of middle and upper classes, which is historically indisputable, but this does not negate the historical significance of its breadth and its social political pluralism. Since this can be interpreted that one of the two halves that were dividing the town was there, but then came the march as a unit of almost all political and social forces that had operated in the country until then.
The full impact of march in the power of Farrel-Peron and unleashed a succession of military antiperonistas rioting that took place on October 8 when the military camp in May, under the command of General Edward J.
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